Welcome to these Hubbard pages. They're a somewhat disorganised collection of photographs and stories I've published since this website started life in 1998. They've all Grown like Topsy, growing without supervision or prior planning.

That planning has now arrived in the form of hubbardplus.co.uk - my sister Judith's website. She is actively researching our Hubbard family history.

I do not intend to change these pages, as there are so many other websites linking back. Please visit hubbardplus.co.uk

Nick, January 2013

Great Uncle George's Notes




Hubbard Ring

While documents are still in existence and certain facts are still in my memory, I am anxious to leave on record an account of the Hubbard Ring and the Grant of Arms to the descendants of my Father, John Waddington Hubbard.


It was in the summer of 1915 that my friend, the Rev. D.H.S. Cranage of Cambridge, wrote and told me that a friend of his, a Mr. A. E. Clarke, had had in his possession, at one time, a heavy gold ring bearing the Arms of the Hubbard family. Dr. Cranage urged me to buy the ring: but at first I was not disposed to do so, feeling as I did, that my particular branch of the Hubbard race could not prove any title to them.

Subsequently I considered that the ring might be worth buying and I therefore wrote to Dr. Cranage to that effect and he kindly forwarded my letter to Mr. Clarke.

As will appear from the correspondence, a miller and a small farmer at West Walton, Norfolk, after harrowing a field found the ring on one of the tines of his harrow.

Mr. Clarke bought the ring from the miller and sold it, together with a letter from Sir John Evans, to a Mr. Welldon of Wellingbourgh.

At Mr. Welldon's death it was again sold with two other rings by Frank Knight & Rutley, Auctioneers, on July 24th 1914.

A certain Mr. Joseph Brooks bought the three rings in one lot at the Auction, and I subsequently bought the same three rings from Mr. Brookes.

After this short account the correspondence will be more clearly understood.

The first letter I have from Mr. Clarke to myself is as follows:

Hills Road,

October 1st 1915.

Dear Mr Hubbard,

Our friend Dr. Cranage has shown me your letter.

I should be extremely sorry if we missed two of the rings, one I believe is quite modern.

I wonder if you would kindly undertake the purchase of the three, keeping the one you want (and you ought to have) and sending me the other two.

I am enclosing a sort of order to Brooks to deliver the rings to you also his offer of them to me, if I pay in advance! (which I am not disposed to do) or to my London Agent.

If we bought the rings for £18, I should be pleased that you should have the Hubbard ring for £16, which I think is a fair valuation.

I do not clearly remember the other two but I should like to have them as they belonged to a very old friend of mine. They have no history, but I am able to add to the value of the large ring by information no one else possesses and I have had much trouble and expense in keeping in touch with it.

I am,
yours sincerely,

sgd. W. CLARKE

G Hubbard Esq.

The “sort of letter” referred to by Mr. Clarke was a letter from Mr. Brooke to Mr. Clarke. It is a quaintly worded letter and as it is referred to in the correspondence, I give a literal transcript:

10 Cambridge Rod.
26th June 1915

Dear Sir

In answer to your letter of 23rd / 6 /1915 the two rings are still for sale price £16. 0. 0. for the two old ones or £18. 0. 0. for the 3. 

They are the same rings I bought at Knight Frank & Rutely on July 24 1914 Lot 31. They have not been out of my possession since I cleared them. I cannot sent you a wax impression of them.

You are a stranger to me, and if you mean business, you can send me the cash for them and I will send them to you by Register Post or I will deliverer them to your London Agent on Payment of Cash. 

If these terms do not suit you, please do not write again about them.

I am, Sir,

yours truly

To Mr. A.E. Clarke

From the tone of Mr. Brook’s letter to Mr. Clarke, I did not feel that this document was likely to be of much service to me. Money was what Mr. Brooks wanted and so long as he secured that, I felt certain that he would he disposed to dispense with introductory formalities.

I took an early opportunity of motoring over from Eltham to Bromley and after some little difficulty I found 10 Cambridge Road. It was a very humble dwelling and though I knocked and rang there was a suspicious stillness in the house. Obviously no one was at home.

A second visit on October 3rd 1915 was more successful. A gaunt slatternly woman opened the door. Mr Brooks was at home and the woman showed me into a tiny sitting room where I was left to await the arrival of Mr. Joseph Brooks.

When he appeared I told him I had heard from Mr. Clarke and that I had come over to see the rings, about which Mr. Clarke had written to him.

I soon concluded my bargain and bought the three rings for £18. Two I sent to Mr. Clarke, the receipt of which he acknowledged in the following letter:

Hills Road,
October 6th 1915.

Dear Mr. Hubbard,

I have received your letter and the two rings and enclose with my best thanks £2.

It was most kind of you to undertake the business I am afraid that it could not have been very pleasant.

I am glad that you have got the Hubbard ring. It was found in 1892 and when my friend took it I felt sure he had the letter of Sir John Evans.

The ring was found by a miller and small farmer at West Walton, Norfolk, after harrowing a field he found it on one of the tines of his harrow. I sent a report of the circumstances to Sir John Evans and then an impression of the seal and I enclose his two letters in reply to mine.

As far as I remember he said at once this is the Hubbard or Hobart Coat of Arms. The ring was of a very exceptional weight and it would be of the date he had mentioned or early in the next Century. I remember he mentioned the 3 Pellets between the points of the Star or Estoile.

I do not remember anything else to tell you but if you will question me I will try to give an answer.

I am,

yours very truly

sgd. A.E. CLARKE.

G. Hubbard Esq.

In another letter I had further information from Mr. Clarke. I am therefore quoting this also:

Hills Road,
Oct. 20th 1915.

Dear Mr. Hubbard,

In reply to your letter I was known at Wisbech as something of an Antiquarian and bought old Pottery, furniture, coins and I am sorry to say pictures;

So one evening in Autumn, I think of 1892, I was not surprised to have visit from a man from West Walton saying there had been a great find in a field a large armlet weighing (1 lb.) one pound of pure gold! This naturally excited me and I promised to go at once, but I believe the finder called the next day and showed it to me.

It was your ring.

I offered him £5. for it but he said he had already been offered £10. for it and so ultimately I bought it for £10. 10. 0. or perhaps £11.

I reported the ring to Sir John Evans as I had just read one of his articles on Finger Rings and he encouraged me to buy it, after I had done so I told him and he asked me to show it to him. I therefore sent it and had a nice letter with full description.

I have been for nearly forty years a collector of old English Pottery and have many times had to give up a treasure of this sort when I wanted to be extravagant on something for my collection. Some years ago my old friend Mr. Welldon of Wellingbourgh asked me to let him have the ring and he gave me £12. or £12. 10. 0. for it.

It had only been in his possession and mine since it was found. At his death it was sold as you know by Frank Knight & Rutely in London with two other rings for £16. 0. 0.
I cannot remember the name of the miller who found it but the circumstances of its having been found on the tine show that after he had shaken his harrow free from rubbish and dropped it again one tine hit it in the centre of the ring and fitted so exactly it had to be knocked off.

There are still several members of a family of Hubbard living in the village and within a short distance a most respectable yeoman family. All fine tall men.

I do not know if you claim this as a family characteristic!

These things happened 23 years ago but I will go over and find the man's name and try and find him if you like.

I think someone else must have mentioned the 3 pellets to me, because someone called the estoile a mullet which it certainly is not and the pellets are clearly ermine I now see.

I will if you like send you Knights Catalogue in which your ring occurs.

Yours very truly

sgd. A.E. Clarke

Mr. Clarke kindly sent to me the two letters from Sir John Evans to which he made reference:

"Nash Mills,
Hemel Hempstead,
3rd June. 1892

Dear Sir,

I am obliged to you for your letter and am glad that you are pleased with my lecture on Posy Rings. Without seeing the ring that you mention it is hard to pronounce as to its date. It looks to me as if it belonged to the end of the 15th Century. I hope that you may be able to secure it. It is rarely that the weight is so great"

Yours very faithfully"


W, Clarke Esq.

The ring weighs just over 1 oz. and I think it is 22 caret gold.

The late Gothic design of the cusping of the shield is undoubtedly indicative of the end of the 15th Century. 

The other letter is written two days later.

"Nash Mills,
Hemel Hempstead,
4th Oct. 1892

Dear Sir,

I congratulate you on the acquisition of the ring which is to judge from the impression is of about the end of the 15th Century. 

If you care for a fuller opinion upon it please send it for my inspection at your convenience.

Yours very faithfully


In Mr Clarke's letter to me of October 6th 1915, he refers to another letter from Sir John Evans; but unfortunately this letter appears to have been given by Mr. Clarke to Mr. Welldon when he sold the ring to him, and it is, I presume, no longer in existence.


My friend Mr George H. Viner took much interest in the ring and gave me much assistance when I went to Herald's College with the object of adopting, if possible, the Coat of Arms on the ring. In a letter of October 4th 1915, he says it transpires from Papworth that "the Arms on the ring are those of Hobart as well as Hubbard."
Thus Hobart (Baronetcy 1611 Barony 1728) Earl of Buckingham 1746 had "Sa an eight-pointed estoile or between two flauches erm" as did the Hobarts of Suffolk and of Dromon Co. Waterford.

The estoile of the Hibbards was six pointed, but otherwise the coat was the same.

Although the Arms depicted upon the ring differ from my own when the tinctures and divisions of the shield are taken into consideration, 

The general effect of the two shields, when uncoloured is approximately the same.

The small difference between the Arms of Norfolk, the Hubbards of Co. Durham and my own may be seen from the following comparison:

Hobart of Norfolk

Sable, an estoile of eight points between two flaunches ermine.

Hubbard of Co. Durham. 

Sable, in chief a crescent argent and in base an estoile of eight points or between two flaunches ermine.

My own

Per saltire azure and ermine over all an estoille of eight points charged with a crescent Gules.

If the crescent for the difference is added to the Arms of the Hobarts of Norfolk then, apart from the colour, the Arms are almost identical with the Hubbards of Co. Durham.

The Chief difference between mine and those of the Hubbards of Co. Durham, apart from colour, is in the position of the crescent.

The wax impression in the cover is of the old late 15th Century Hubbard ring, and the Arms of the Hobarts of Norfolk, and the Arms of the Hubbards of Co. Durham and my own are given for the purpose of comparison.


Book MarkIn my composition of the design for my Book Plate, I have embodied the Coat of Arms as granted at Herald's College, and for the rest of the design introduced a direct Grinling Gibbons character.

In another volume I have written a full account of the history of the Gibbons Carving and Panelling which was so wrongly discarded from the Chapel of Winchester College, but as it was this carving which has played such an important part in my life and fortune, I am glad that it should be introduced into my book plate.



Notes (2003)

Compare with the Durham Crest, from The 1,000 years of Hubbard History.

Danes - Vikings

In 866 a huge army of Danes invaded East Anglia from the Low Countries. They arrived under the leadership of Ivar the Boneless (or Hingwar) and his brothers, Halfdene (or Half Dane) and Hubba (or Ubbi, or Habba, or Ubbe).

The shires of Derby, Nottingham, Leicester, Lincoln and Stamford in the East Midlands would come to be known as 'the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw'

The Raven was Ubbe's banner (gumfanun). He was the brother of Iware (Ívarr); he was buried by the Danes in a very big mound in Devonshire, called Ubbelawe.
(Lukman, pp. 141-142)

Lukman, N. "The Raven Banner and the Changing Ravens: A Viking Miracle from Carolingian Court Poetry to Saga and Arthurian Romance."



The Great Army which came to East Anglia, according to Scandinavian tradition, was led by his sons, seeking revenge for the death of Ragnar Lodbrok. Their names - Halfdan ‘Long Arms,’ Ivar ‘the Boneless’, and “the elusive” Ubbi - occur in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle account, which Arbman justifiably sees as “by far the best contemporary description in any land of a Viking invasion.” From it one can see the great advantage of the Vikings, and their high mobility, (which was reduced by Alfred’s largely organisational steps to obstruct them by building camps and blocking rivers, or to compel them to use up their mobility uselessly by interposing his army between them and their objectives).


RAGNER LODBROK SIGURDSSON was the son of Siguard Randversson and Alfhild Gandolfsdottir. He was born about 750 and died in 794.

Ragner married ASLANG SIGURDSDOTTIR OF DENMARK who was born about 755 and was the daughter of Sigurd "Fofnersbane".

— Ivar "the Boneless"
— Halfdan "white shirt"
— Sigurd "snake-in-eye"
— Bjorn "ironside"
— Ragnhildir
— Alof/Olaf.
— Ubbe/Ubbi.

The greatest period of colonization occurred in the latter half of the ninth century and the beginning of the tenth. They began again for a time in the early part of the eleventh century. During this period, large parts of northern France, England, and Ireland, were occupied and ruled by the Vikings. Invasions were usually led by men of high rank whose leaders held equal power (i.e. no one supreme commander). Invasions of this kind penetrated Hamburg and Paris, and under the sons of Ragnar Lodbrok, eventually reached England. King Horik wanted any Danish Viking raids to be under his direction. In 845 he sent several hundred vessels up the Elbe to take Hamburg, and at the same time sent Ragnar Lodbrok with a smaller fleet up the Seine to capture Paris. In 865 Viking attacks were launched in a more northerly direction and based on East Anglia. This was the starting point of an attack by a united army led by the three sons of Ragnar Lodbrok: Ivar the Boneless (a strategist), Ubbi, and Halfdan. This army captured York on November 1, 866. Around 860 AD, under the leadership of Bjorn and Hastings, a fleet of sixty-two vessels set out for Brittany. This time, however, they were only able to sack Algeciras just inside the Straits of Gibralter. From here they crossed to Nekor in Morocco, and eight days later sailed north past the Balearic Islands to the southern shores of France, where they set up camp on the island of La Camargue in the Rhone delta. Around 851 AD, the chieftain Olaf the White from Norway, reconquered Dublin, restored Norwegian supremacy, and finally chased the Danes out of Ireland. For the next twenty years Olaf ruled in Dublin, and his brother Ivar the Boneless, ruled in Limerick. In 870 Olaf the White was recalled to Norway, and the government of Dublin was taken over by his brother Ivar. The rest of the century the Norwegians spent in fighting; partly among themselves, and partly against the Danes under King Halfdan Hvidsaark in northern England.


In 954 the English "DaneLaw" , (Viking-Kingdom), was annexed to England uniting the whole country.

UBBE “THE FEARSOME”, who was Godfred’s uncle, attacked Cornwall with the “Western Army” in 875, defeated the Cornish in battle, and slew their king, Dungart (Doniert), then, afterwards, campaigned in Wales, where they wintered at Milford Haven 876-876. He made raids all over Wales in 876, slew three local Welsh kings, namely, Iudon of Dyfed, Kanhaethoe of Powys, and Hywel of Gwent, and wintered again at Milford Haven 876-877. In 877, Ubbe, with the support of the Vikings of Dublin, the Isle of Man, and the Hebrides, succeeded in defeating the Welsh high-king, Rhodri “Mawr”, in battle, and expelled him from Wales. The “Western Army wintered once more at Milford Haven 877-878. In the spring of 878, Ubbe sailed from Pembrokeshire, Wales, to Devonshire, England, where the “Western Army” was utterly defeated and scattered, and Ubbe was slain in battle fighting local resistance under the shire’s ealdorman.